Do you know?
About anesthesia -
Sushruta wrote “Wine should be used before operation to produce insensibility to pain. The patient who has been fed, does not faint, and he who is rendered intoxicated, does not feel the pain of the operation.”
Sushruta, one of the founding fathers of surgery and plastic surgery, lived in India sometime between 600 to 1000 B.C.
Sushruta developed surgical techniques for reconstructing noses, earlobes and genitalia, many amputated as religious, criminal, or military punishment. He developed the forehead flap rhinoplasty procedure that remains contemporary plastic surgical practice; also the otoplastic technique for reconstructing an earlobe with skin from the cheek.
Sushruta Samhita (Sushruta’s compendium), one of the most outstanding treatises in Indian medical literature, describes the ancient tradition of surgery in India.
Sushruta Samhita was translated into Arabic as Kitab-Shaw Shoon-a-Hindi and Kitab-i-Susrud in the eighth century A.D on orders of the Caliph Mansur (A.D.753 -774).
Frank McDowell - mentioned in "The source book of plastic surgery"
Through all of Sushruta’s flowery language, incantations and irrelevancies, there shines the unmistakable picture of a great surgeon.
Undaunted by his failures, unimpressed by his successes, he sought the truth unceasingly and passed it on to those who followed.
He attacked disease and deformity definitively, with reasoned and logical methods.
Satender Kumar Mall